Glaucoma

Healthy eyes are generally affected due to lifestyle, speed up of vision loss due to certain conditions like stress to your eye caused by continuously staring at computer, T.V. etc.
In healthy eye fluids circulates in front and back portion of eye, thus maintain the pressure inside eye (production and excretion at the same time), but if, person has Glaucoma, aqueous humour does not flow out and creates pressure and cause damage to optic nerve fibres, which send signals from retina to brain and gives image.
Glaucoma is a disease that affects the optic nerve present at the back of the eye, get worsen with time, that usually happens when fluid accumulates in front part of eye, increases pressure in eye (Intra Ocular Pressure) and damage the optic nerve. It affects pheripheral vision first.
Glaucoma has no early symptoms and the disease progress slowly and vision loss occur very gradually over 55 years of age, but early detection and treatment can slow the vision loss.

Types of Glaucoma

  • Primary open angle glaucoma
  • Secondary glaucoma
  • Closed angle glaucoma
  • Low tension glaucoma
  • Congenital glaucoma

Causes

  • Imbalance of intraocular fluid(production and drainage)
  • Poor blood flow
  • Optic nerve damage
  • Glaucoma may occur due to family history, diabetes, age factor (> 40 years of age) and other eye risks factors.

Signs and symptoms

The first sign and symptoms shown in Glaucoma patient is loss of side or peripheral vision, at severe conditions can notice the symptoms like,
  • Sudden eye pain
  • Headache
  • Blurred and narrow vision
  • Appear holes around light
  • Eye redness
  • Sensation of nausea and vomiting

Treatment

Treatment depend upon the type, severity, age, health and medical conditions. The treatment includes:
  • Eye drops
  • Laser surgery
  • Microsurgery
  • Lifestyle (Exercise and Nutrition)

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