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malarial
25
Apr

World Malaria Day


MALARIA 40% of the world’s population are infected by malaria. Malarial day is celebrated all over the world on 25th of April, for the vision of world free of malaria. Malaria is not an infection. It is caused by parasite Plasmodium falciparum, which is a microorganism of protozoan type and is transmitted by the bite of infected female mosquito Anopheles in human. Life cycle life-cycle In humans, parasite called sporozoites, multiply in liver and travel in erythrocyte or red blood cells. Sporozoite parasite matures and form merozoites, which travel in blood stream and infect red blood cells. Another mosquito gets infected when it bites the infected person and passes to other healthy person through bite, thus spreading malaria. This cycle may continue till malaria is not treated or controlled. Causes Protozoan parasite is the cause of malaria, as these parasite develop in temperate climate. Parasites (merozoites) are released in blood stream which infect RBCs. Anemia occurs due to destruction of RBCs which reduces the immunity. Infection risk depends on altitude, temperature, weather, time of day (night or day) etc. Symptoms Symptoms of malaria appear after 10-15 days bite of parasite infected mosquito. Malaria if not treated in early stage, may be life threatening by interrupting blood supply to vital organs. Fever Headache Vomiting Shaking-Chills Anemia Flu-like symptoms Diarrhea Muscle pain Treatment Antimalarial drug is used to treat malaria and designed in such a way to attack and kill parasite, so that infection does not spread. Malaria can be controlled easily if detected early. Treatment duration lasts for 4-7 days. Medication should be continued for complete prescribed duration. Also check the malaria status of the region before traveling. Our brands in this category: Biofalcy Biofalcy L