World Asthma Day

Asthma is chronic lung disease, that inflames and narrows airway. It involves difficulty in breathing due to inflammation, mucus in the airways and tightening of muscles around the airways. Every year asthma is celebrated on 1st Tuesday of May. In 1998, first Asthma day was initiated. Asthma day is celebrated to increase awareness. The world Asthma day is supported by organization Global Initiative for Asthma and World Asthma Foundation. Asthma can not be completely cured but can be controlled by good management with regular doctor checkup, person can live normal, active life. Asthma most often occur in children. que qu    

Causes

 

Substance type

Examples

Air pollutants, including dusts, smoke, mists & fumes Diesel exhaust, tobacco smoke, coal, wood dusts, chemicals, paints, parents smoking.
Pollen’s, mites & molds Trees, flowers, weeds, hay, plants.
Animal dander Birds, cats, dogs.
Medications Aspirin, anti-inflammatory drugs.
Foods Egg, wheat, nuts.

Weather conditions

Cold air, extreme dry air, wet , windy weather.

                       

Symptoms

Good understanding of symptoms help to treat the condition with medicine and help to breathe easily. Symptoms depend upon the severity
  • Breathlessness or rapid breathing
  • Coughing
  • Wheezing (whistling sound)
  • Feel tightness in the chest
  • Daytime fatigue

  • Coughing

  • Sneezing & runny nose

  • Itchy and inflamed eyes

Treatment

Treatment depends upon severity of asthma. It includes medicine:

  • To relax the airway muscle to breathe easily.

  • To reduce inflammation in airway.

Generally long term or short term medications are given, which act as a bronchodilator for the treatment of bronchial asthma.

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